If you are reading this and you have never been affected by a computer virus you should consider yourself lucky. With so many computers connected to the Internet, and with so many computers running Microsoft Windows, if you don’t take any precautions against getting a computer virus, it’s only a matter of time before you get one. I’ve been working with computers for almost 25 years. For the past two years, I’ve been helping friends and relatives remove viruses from their computers. Getting a virus is like getting sick, it’s usually easier to prevent than to cure. In this column, I want to offer in an ounce of prevention
Safeguarding the pension, health and dental care benefits of federal retirees
Written by Craig MacDonald
Former FSNA Ottawa Branch President
FSNA: Who Are We?
The Federal Superannuates National Association is the national not-for-profit association of retired federal employees, their spouses and survivors, as well as future pensioners (working employees). With more than 130,000 members and 83 branches across Canada, FSNA is recognized by the Government of Canada as the major representative of pensioners from the Canadian Forces, the Public Service of Canada, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and of federally appointed judges. The Association maintains a National Office in Ottawa with a small core of paid staff. The executive of all 83 branches and National Officers are unpaid volunteers. Association policy is set at triennial conventions by members delegated by branches.
“ A candle loses nothing of its light when lighting another”. Kahlil Gibran
The word “volunteer” is derived from the Latin voluntas - “free will” and, according to the dictionary, has a range of meanings from a part-time soldier… to an uninvited plant in the garden! However, the French translation “bénévole” is much more specific in suggesting the compassionate aspect of volunteerism – the act of helping others without regard for monetary reward. The desire to help one’s fellow man, or at least to lend a hand when a need arises, is a universal human trait, probably harking back to a time when survival depended on a high level of cooperation with the tribal group or pack.
One of the things about living overseas is that you are able to see your country through slightly different lenses when you return – sometimes more depth of field, sometimes more peripheral vision, and some times with less (or perhaps just different) distortion. In our case, when we returned from India after a couple of years away, I was struck by how much the demography of Ottawa had changed.
This is the first in a series of articles exploring how the Great War impacted the lives of a single family belonging to the MacKay United Church in New Edinburgh.
After the Remembrance Day service at MacKay United Church in Ottawa in 2014, in which the names of those who had fallen in two world wars were read out as they are every year, Tim Cook suggested to me that as we were now marking the 100th anniversary of this terrible conflict it might be more meaningful to provide some more detailed information on the lives of these soldiers, since their service records and other information like the Circumstances of Death Registers were now available online. It would not only be a more fitting tribute to the men, but would bring to life the ordeal of those sitting in the same pews a century before, as they waited for news and prayed for deliverance.
In all, 140 men and one nursing sister appear on the memorial plaque of what was then MacKay Presbyterian Church. Nineteen gave their lives. This is an astonishing record of service given the size of the church and the community but it is by no means unique in Canada. Why had these men joined up? What did they believe they were fighting for? How did the families and the community handle the stress of having so many of their sons away in a seemingly endless conflict? Telling the life story of each soldier and his family, against the backdrop of a church and community at war, could be a small but useful contribution to the social history of the Great War.
Of course, the research quickly became a rabbit hole and involved a widening range of sources. Besides service records and other information on soldiers available online, including the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, I used ancestry.ca to access documentary records such as birth, death, census, voters’ and immigration records, online newspapers, records of the nearby Beechwood cemetery, city directories, and other sources to flesh out family stories; and I had church records including communion rolls and the minutes of the Session, the Trustees, and the Ladies’ Aid. Websites such as the Canadian Virtual War Memorial, the Canadian Expeditionary Force Study Group, and others have been invaluable and one cannot speak highly enough of the gifted and dedicated amateurs who are delving into the records of regiments and people. For each of the fallen there were also specific sources such as regimental histories, war diaries, and other information, and in some cases, I have been able to contact family members who kindly provided information and pictures.
Each story was fascinating and all took me in unexpected directions. Of the nineteen, twelve were infantry, three artillery, two RFC, one with the Borden Motor Machine Gun Battery, and one who served in Egypt with the British Army Service Corps. The first to fall died near Ypres in the autumn of 1915; the last, a TB patient, was a victim of the influenza epidemic a few days before the end of the war. Together, their stories engage much of the history of the CEF and much of the social history of their community. My wife and I visited all the cemeteries where they are buried, or in the case of four who have no known graves, the memorials where their names appear. But many of the most moving stories were those of the families who in some cases had several sons at war.
The more one learns, the more elusive the subjects become. It is my hope in placing some of this work-in-progress on a blog that some readers may be able to provide further ideas or relevant information.
To begin this exercise I have prepared a series of blogs which tell the story of the Stalker family: Robert, who was killed at Vimy Ridge, his children and a fight for their custody between their grandmother and his second wife, two brothers who also served, the widowed mother who watched and waited, and the other members of the Stalker family including four sisters whose early death from TB is as much a social commentary as is the story of the men.
But first, to set the stage, some background on the community and the church.
Rideau Hall in 1915. Source: Wikimedia Commons
New Edinburgh is a community within the city of Ottawa between the Rideau River where it empties into the Ottawa River and Rideau Hall. It was founded by Thomas McKay, who used his fortune from building locks on the Rideau Canal to purchase 1100 acres of land, built flour, grist, lumber and textile mills at the Rideau falls, was a partner in the Ottawa and Prescott Railway to ship his lumber to the United States, and many other enterprises. The village was laid out to house his workers, many from Scotland, and he built Rideau Hall as his own residence. When he died in 1855 he left many debts which his son-in-law John MacKinnon (for whom he built Earnscliffe) proved unable to manage. When MacKinnon died the estate was managed by another son-in-law, Thomas Coltrin Keefer, a pioneer engineer and entrepreneur. Keefer sold off some land, many business assets including the railway and the mills (which eventually became the W. C. Edwards lumber company), Earnscliffe, and Rideau Hall to the Government of Canada as the residence of the Governor-General. He aggressively developed New Edinburgh and laid out Rockcliffe as a pioneer urban parkland village.
Thomas McKay. Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography.
In 1867 New Edinburgh was incorporated as a village and in 1888 it was annexed to the city of Ottawa. Many of the houses were built for workers in the sawmills, the railway, the Ottawa Street Railway, and other small industries in the area, but with the growth of Ottawa as the capital of a transcontinental Dominion and its proximity to Rideau Hall, New Edinburgh was increasingly home to civil servants as well as a few wealthy professionals and entrepreneurs. Immigration also swelled its population so that by 1914 it had about 2000 people and was sprawling beyond its original boundaries. A raw, rather unhealthy place subject to periodic floods at the turn of the century, New Edinburgh by the Great War had street lights, some paved streets and sidewalks, sewers, a street railway, flood control, schools and athletic facilities including a rowing club, and the pleasant ambience of village life within a city – but it still had an appalling rate of childhood mortality. It was a diverse community of Scots and Anglo-Saxons with a large influx of Germans, a place with large families and crowded houses, and a substantial number of men of military age.
MacKay United Church. Source: Wikimedia Commons
Thomas McKay had been a staunch Presbyterian and following the union of the Presbyterian churches in Canada in 1875, his grandson, William Alexander MacKinnon, took the lead in establishing a church on land from the McKay estate, and other members of the family donated a manse. From some 32 members at its founding, the congregation had grown big enough by 1910 to replace its original Sanctuary with the charming arts-and-crafts structure that stands today. Under Dr. Peter William Anderson, who was minister between 1904 and 1934, the church prospered with a large Sunday School, missionary societies, young peoples’ clubs, a ladies’ aid, a strong athletic life that included a championship hockey team, and a vibrant community life including amateur theatricals produced by the minister’s wife. A leading lawyer recalled that he joined the church in 1916 because “I decided that here was an excellent example of a Union Church because its members were originally of practically all shades of Protestant beliefs with the good old Scottish Presbyterians predominating of course, and leavening the whole.” In 1925 the congregation voted overwhelmingly to join the United Church of Canada. MacKay Presbyterian, like its parent denomination, strongly believed in the justice of the war. The Ladies’ Aid rolled bandages, knit socks, and raised money for their sons overseas. And the church supported the soldiers with their prayers. There were few families in the congregation by 1916 that did not have one or more sons (and one daughter) serving overseas, including Robert Stalker and his two brothers. It is to their story that we turn to next.
This article first appeared in The Journal of Military History (Sir Wilfred Laurier University) accessible via this link
I remember reading a bumper sticker once that said, “ Hire a teenager while he still knows everything “ . Well, I was a bit like that once and never more so than in Dr. Scammell’s English class. I was reminded of this during the recent 50th anniversary reunion of my Montreal high school graduating class when I walked right into Dr. Scammell’s old classroom.
Angus – New Years' Resolutions
In the manner of Addison’s and Steele’s 18th century “Spectator”, I – a playful pup of some perspicuity - am resolved to analyze my present situation and set down some resolutions in the hope such publicity will strengthen my purpose. Being myself a creature of strong zeal and weak intellect, I am happy to remain in the custody of my masters on Eastbourne Avenue, with the caveat that their behavior evolve as favorably as I expect my own to do.
While much of my education about pop culture in the 21st c. is provided by my 12-year old grandson during our early morning walks with his dog, Canadian history is not one of our hotter topics . Recently, however, a passing question about the settlement of New France led me to dig around and discover several little known events in our national story.